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Diabetes Specialist

James  A.  Sharkoff, M.D. -  - Primary Care

Pueblo Medical Center

James A. Sharkoff, M.D.

Primary Care located in Stanton, CA

An estimated eight million people in the United States are unaware that they have diabetes. While there is no cure for diabetes, a diabetes screening can diagnose it during the early stages when it’s easier to manage. James Sharkoff, MD, offers diabetes screening at Pueblo Medical Center in Stanton, California. Find out whether you have or are at risk for diabetes and learn about your treatment options by calling the practice or using the online scheduling tool today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

When your blood glucose (sugar) is too high, you have diabetes. Glucose comes from your diet and is the primary source of energy for your body.


Your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which helps move glucose from the food you eat to your cells, but if your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t using insulin effectively, too much glucose remains in your blood instead of your cells. Having too much glucose contributes to a variety of health problems. 


There are two types of diabetes — type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin, and type 2 diabetes is when your cells aren’t using insulin effectively.


Both types can develop at any age, but type 1 diabetes occurs most commonly during childhood, while type 2 diabetes is most common in people over age 40.

What health complications are caused by diabetes?

Excess sugar in the blood damages small blood vessels and nerves. If your sugar levels remain too high for too long, the ongoing damage leads to health complications, including:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Skin infections
  • Foot ulcers that don’t heal

If you have diabetes, you have almost twice the risk of having a stroke or heart disease.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

People with type 2 diabetes may not have symptoms at first, which is why diabetes screenings are important. Diabetes symptoms vary in type and severity, depending on how high your blood glucose levels are.


Typical symptoms of diabetes include feeling thirsty all the time, frequent urination, excessive hunger, and unexplained weight loss. You may have irritability, fatigue, and get frequent infections.

 

What is a diabetes screening?

Diabetes screenings take a measurement of your blood glucose levels to see if they are within normal ranges after you’re gone at least eight hours without eating. If your glucose levels are elevated, a second test is usually performed at a later date to confirm if you have diabetes. 

How is diabetes treated?

Sadly there is no cure for diabetes. The type of treatment depends on whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a proper diet. 


Type 2 diabetes is treated with exercise, weight loss, and a proper diet. If lifestyle changes don’t control your blood glucose levels, medications are prescribed. 


If you have any of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, call the Pueblo Medical Center or schedule an appointment online for a diabetes screening.